Historical roots of duduk that in Armenia is called as tsiranapokh, goes back to the times of the Armenian king, Tigran the Great (95-55 BC). Duduk is made of an apricot wood. It can be of three sizes: 28 cm, 33 cm and 40 cm. Number of musical holes of the instrument vary: seven or eight on the facing side, and one or two on the reverse side – for the thumb. Duduk charms with its soft and muffled sound, harmonious and mellow timbre. The Professor of the Yerevan State Conservatory Jivan Gasparyan created a special school for duduk play that sometimes is called an Armenian flute or Armenian oboe. Gasparyan brought up many talented students in many parts of the world. Gasparyan and sound of duduk became famous with the screening of the film ‘Gladiator’ where few pieces are played on duduk. Duduk that was played on Armenian ceremonies such as birth of a child and christening, weddings and funerals, has entered now the musical mainstream and is played in the albums of Paul McCartney, Peter Gabriel, Brian May, Sting and Lionel Richie, in the film ‘The Passion of the Christ’ and the series ‘Game of Thrones’. UNESCO proclaimed the Armenian duduk and its music as a Masterpiece of the Intangible Heritage of Humanity in 2005.
In the world popularization of this musical instrument, huge credit should be given to a famous Armenian musician Jivan Gasparyan, a composer and skillful duduk player.